The skin is the largest human organ. So it’s no wonder we feel uncomfortable when it’s dry, tight or itchy. Especially in autumn or winter, when temperatures drop, many people experience cracked and dry skin. Read here why this is the case and what helps against it.

Our skin: a jack-of-all-trades

Above all, the skin has an important task: it forms the barrier between the inside of the body and the environment. It thus plays an important role in the regulation of body temperature and protects us from water, light, pollutants, germs, and ultimately also from infections. On the other hand, our largest organ ensures that water and heat remain stored in our bodies.

If the skin becomes cracked and dry, it may happen that certain tasks can no longer be performed correctly or incompletely.

So it is important to do something about it.

Causes of dry skin

There are many causes of cracked skin. However, external influences such as heat, cold, sun, and water are often responsible. Poor diet, too little fluid, hormonal fluctuations, and stress can also be responsible for a poor skin conditions. Besides external factors, diseases, lifestyle (smoking, alcohol, etc.), and biological factors also influence the appearance of the skin.

Cracked skin on the face is particularly common. Dry facial skin often appears tired and pale. Fine wrinkles, fine scales, and reddened areas appear. But the lower legs, feet, hands, shins, elbows, and forearms are also often affected.

Causes of dry skin
There are many causes of cracked skin – but external influences such as heat, cold, sun, and water are often responsible

It helps against cracked and dry skin

Depending on the cause responsible for dry and cracked skin, the appropriate therapy is performed. There are many measures that you can perform without medical help. In addition to special care products, there are home remedies and proper nutrition.

Since external factors often play a major role, you must first protect yourself against them. During the cold season, for example, you should pack sensitive areas. Put on gloves and apply an oily (replenishing) cream to your face to protect yourself from the cold air. In the sun, on the other hand, it is necessary to apply a suitable sunscreen with a high sun protection factor. This applies not only in summer but also on beautiful autumn, winter, and spring days. Light-colored hats and clothing also protect you from too much sun on your skin.

Good body care

For many people, the shower is synonymous with cleanliness. If you suffer from dry, chapped skin, it may be best to only shower every other day, as frequent washing also contributes to dryness. The water temperature should not exceed the “lukewarm” state, because if the water is too hot, the lipids (natural moisturizing factors) are eliminated from the skin. You should therefore also avoid long full (hot) baths.

Suitable wash and shower lotions are mild, soap-free and skin-neutral (neutral pH) products.

If the soaps are too “aggressive”, the skin’s own lipids are also eliminated. As a result, important and missing moisture is lost. To support the skin, you should use a suitable moisturizer. The best time to do this is after showering when the skin is clean and still slightly damp. If you tend to have very dry and chapped skin, you need to use special oily skincare products. These are products that also penetrate into the deeper layers of the skin and restore the water balance there.

The right body care for dry skin
Mild, soap-free and skin-neutral (pH-neutral) products are suitable as washing and shower lotions

The right diet

In addition to oil, dry skin needs one thing above all else: hydration. So it’s no surprise that you can help your skin stay healthy by staying hydrated. At least 1.5 liters per day are mandatory. Suitable beverages are water, fruit sprays, fruit, and herbal teas. At best, avoid alcohol, as drinking it can also dry out your skin.

Fresh fruits and vegetables, on the other hand, help absorb important vitamins and minerals. These also strengthen your skin cells.

Home remedies for dry cracked skin

There are sufferers who swear by certain home remedies. These include various oils (coconut oil, almond oil, olive oil, or even marula oil) or also aloe vera, honey, carrot juice, avocado, and clay. When these substances are mixed with water and applied as a cream or mask, the skin can be moisturized and softened.

Skin protection also has a lot to do with well-being. Since problems can also occur psychosomatically, you should exercise regularly and be in the fresh air often (use protective measures if necessary). Relax as often as you can and take enough time for yourself and your priorities. This too can work wonders!


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